ALCOHOLIC DRINKS (apart from wine): Dab the liquid with an absorbent cloth. Then use a sponge with equal parts of hot water and alcohol.
SUGARED OR FIZZY DRINKS: Rinse in warm water and apply 90° alcohol to the residue.
CACAO, CHOCOLATE: Apply very hot water.
COFFEE, TEA: Place the garment to soak in soapy water and leave for at least 12 hours or wash with warm water and add ammonia.
WAX: Eliminate as much as possible of the wax by scraping it with blunt knife or spoon, then place the fabric between two layers of blotting paper and iron with a hot iron, repeat the operation until the stain disappears. Do not wash.
GRASS: Dab gently with a cloth soaked in alcohol and ammonia and then wash, or immerge the stain in unpasteurised milk and rub...
FRUIT: Dab the stain with salt and white vinegar or with salt and lemon juice and then immediately rinse well.
ICE-CREAM: Wash with cold water and detergent.
FATS, SAUCES AND FOUNDATION: First remove, with a spoon or a blunt knife, the solid part of the stain, then treat with trichlorethylene, sprinkling talcum powder in order to avoid streaks. Subsequently brush carefully and wash.
INK and BIRO: Lemon juice and salt or leave the garment to soak in milk for at least an hour. Alternatively rub gently with a cloth soaked in ethyl alcohol, then repeat the operation with white vinegar.
MILK: Old stains should be rubbed with turpentine oil then rinsed with water. Fresh stains you can remove with warm soapy water.
MOULD: Lemon juice and salt, then dry the fabric in the sun. For white garments treat with bleach and rinse very thoroughly.
RUST: Use salt oxalic acid dissolved in warm water, or a rust removal product in the cold. Or even lemon juice. Old stains on linen fabrics: a hot sugar solution.
BLOOD: Rinse the stain immediately in cold water. In the case of dry stains, cover in lather, leave to soak and then rub in soapy water. Subsequently rub the residue gently with undiluted vinegar. It is also possible to rinse the stain well immediately in cold waterwith added ammonia and then wash.
SWEAT: Treat with alcohol or water and ammonia or with white vinegar and then rinse the garment thoroughly.
WINE: Red wine stains should be immediately covered with white wine or dabbed with salt and white vinegar or salt and lemon juice, rinse the garment thoroughly and immediately after the treatment.